OT Cybersecurity Fundamentals Training


Industrial Control Systems (ICS) form the backbone of everyday life, underpinning everything from critical infrastructure to building automation. This course has been designed to provide attendees with insight into the ICS security landscape in order to equip them to assess and defend industrial control systems.


Why should you attend?

OT Cybersecurity Fundamentals
  • Gain a basic understanding of ICS fundamentals: industrial processes, architectures, equipment, and protocols.
  • Get familiar with OT cybersecurity challenges and why they differ from regular IT environments.
  • Learn about ICS threats, relevant attack surfaces, common vulnerabilities, and the required attacker capabilities to exploit them.
  • Become familiar with the root causes behind several high-profile real-world ICS incidents and learn from the security failures enabling them.
  • Learn how to apply threat modeling in ICS environments.
  • Learn how to navigate applicable standards and apply effective security controls.


Intended Audience

This course has been designed as a general introduction to OT cybersecurity, and it is, therefore, suitable for a broad audience. It will benefit everyone: from management requiring a high-level overview of the complexities of this challenging domain to seasoned control system engineers and IT & OT security personnel.


Required Skills & Expertise

Basic understanding of common computing & networking technologies and fundamental security principles and concepts (CIA triad, access control, firewalls, etc.) is recommended.

OT Cybersecurity Fundamentals

Program

The program is divided into four modules, which are given in a two-day course. Each module consists of a theoretical part, real-world examples, and practical illustrations. After completing the course, each participant is rewarded with a certificate.


Day 1:

  • Module 1: Introduction to ICS


The program starts with a walkthrough of ICS fundamentals: Basic terminology, Industrial processes, control theory, and plant organization basics. The differences between IT and OT are highlighted, focusing on potential cyber impact in the OT environment. Participants will be shown how a simple control loop operates in a lab setting and learn the history of ICS security

OT Hackbox
  • Module 2: ICS Components and architecture


In this module, we will dive into the Purdue model and all the components that can be found in typical ICS networks. From instruments to PLCs and from safety controllers to historians, all devices are discussed in detail, including their common cyber weaknesses. Next, we will explore how all these components form a system by discussing network components, industrial protocols, network architectures, and of course, their weaknesses. This discussion will be richly illustrated by examples and lab demonstrations of vulnerabilities affecting widely deployed ICS equipment using our “OT Box”, a small demo environment consisting of current ICS equipment which accurately represents the workings of an actual ICS control loop.

Day 2:

  • Module 3: ICS threat landscape, Cyber-Physical Attacks & Attack Surface


After a brief recap of the first day, we will delve into the ICS threat landscape and take a look at attacker motives and capability and impact factors in assessing the cyber risk properly. Whether the concern is targeted industrial espionage or destructive cyber-physical attacks, we will walk attendees through the complexities of attacker activities like process comprehension and damage scenario design in order to properly analyze the potential cyber-physical impact and the required attacker capabilities.

Finally, we will explore the vast attack surface of industrial control systems: from breaching perimeters to lateral movement and pivoting across network segments in order to impact the process through the exploitation of industrial protocol insecurities, compromising workstations, databases, controllers, and field devices. During interactive discussions, we will ask ourselves how bad these typical OT security issues are in practice and how we could mitigate these issues.

  • Module 4: Security Standards, Threat Modelling & Real-World Case Studies


First, attendees will learn how to navigate standards like IEC 62443 and how to integrate the perspectives and knowledge gained during this course into applying effective security controls and risk management strategies.

Next, we introduce threat modeling as a technique to learn to look at an ICS environment through the eyes of an attacker. Because when you want to defend against attackers, you’ll have to think like them. The same OT Box we hacked in module 2 is used during an interactive threat modeling session to collectively find all possible attack vectors.

Finally, the content of the entire course will be correlated with real-world case studies, such as the Stuxnet and TRITON attacks, and we will discuss the lessons learned from these well-known incidents.


Interested in this OT Cybersecurity Fundamentals Training?

If you are interested in hosting this interactive and tailored training at your company, please let us know via the contact form below, at +31 (0)88 888 31 00 or email info@secura.com.

Partners of Secura

Cybersecurity is more than technology alone. Secura collaborates with partners in compliance and risk management, integrated application security, privacy, IT- and internet law and certification.